Biesbosch Station TOD

Dordrecht (NL), 2011



Easily accessible nodes are the bearers of Europe’s future urban system. For the future of the Drecht towns we have examined what place they occupy in the scale of an interregional urban conglomerate extending to the Ruhr and to the Antwerp-Brussels axis. At the moment the focus is on economically programmed inner-city hubs. We foresee that in the future well connected hubs on the border between dense urbanized areas and the big landscapes will play a bigger role in our mobile lives. These landscape hubs will be recreational destinations that can provide access to the green areas in a concentrated way in order to spare the last natural habitats from mass tourism. Within the inter-regional conglomerate, Biesbosch Central Station of all the nodes in the Drecht towns gives access to one of the most important natural areas in this network: the Biesbosch National Park.

The Drecht towns link the quality of the rural and urban Netherlands and accommodate both rural peace and urban bustle. The spatial quality at Biesbosch Central Station is defined largely by the direct relationship between compact building development and landscape, between nature and town. It is an urban transfer point for nature and recreation and is accessible by public transport, car and cycle. From here the boats, cycle and footpaths set off into nature.

The green area around Biesbosch Station will be transformed from a buffer zone with playing fields into genuine concentrated landscape. The south side will become a varied landscape with woodland and meadows and will take on the appearance of the adjacent Dortwijk estate. On the north side the land reclaimed from the river will be gradually re-submerged. The primary dike will be shifted in several stages and water will again be given free play. The characteristic Biesbosch landscape will then extend to the walls of the buildings. Walls, roofs and leftover corners will also provide a wealth of nesting places for animals. Biesbosch Central Station explores how nature can be combined with dense urban living. A new quality of life is being explored through the introduction of unexpected and spectacular experiences of nature for people and animals. It explores how urban buildings and their surroundings can complement the flora and fauna of the surrounding landscape and how at the same time these elements can provide a conceptual and programmatic framework for the new development.

In Biesbosch the worlds of nature and humans are fully integrated. Thus a special new biotope will arise on this spot in 2050, in which Dordrecht will gain its own place in the inter-regional urban conglomerate.


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Name: Biesbosch Station TOD
Location: Dordrecht (NL)
Program: infrastructural hub, station, nature development, recreation landscape, soccer stadium, parking, residential, hotel, wellness facilities
Surface area: hub 12,6 ha, landscape concept 240 ha
Assignment: design research, landscape architecture / urban development vision
Period: 2010-2011
Status: -
Client: Stichting De Stad


VenhoevenCS: Ton Venhoeven, Jos-Willem van Oorschot, Katharina Hagg, Gert Kwekkeboom
Images: VenhoevenCS, DS landscape architects