CIAM XXI – City of the Future

Rotterdam, 2018

CIAM XXI – City of the Future

Metro- and train station Rotterdam Alexander is being converted into an integrated mobility node in order to prepare the station for the upcoming decade. Team Venhoeven is looking even further into the future: what will the station and the station area look like in 2050? Rotterdam Alexander has the potential to be the breeding ground of the City of the Future.


Proximity and blurring as starting points for the city of the future. The last century’s CIAM (the one separating living, working, recreation and infrastructure) will be replaced by a new CIAM which organizes the city on the lowest scale level.

Living, working and recreation can take place anywhere and unnecessary transportation is prevented. The pedestrian is in the lead, car traffic is limited, and shared space is combined with high frequency rail, self-driving vehicles and drones. This way we create a ‘breathing’ city at four different levels of scale: household, neighbourhood, station biotope and metropolis landscape.


In 2050 Rotterdam Alexander is a healthy city with urban wetlands on ground level, stacked green parks, rooftop squares and plenty of space for water storage and biodiversity. The top floors of the sky scrapers are suitable for urban agriculture. By adding new functions, the station area has become a mixed use and self-sustaining area.


In 2050 the metro runs underground, Prins Alexanderlaan is a wetland. The highway A20 is multifunctional and the railway between Rotterdam and Utrecht has become the domain of self-driving trains. A mobility hub – directly accessible from the highway – efficiently connects all types of transportation and logistics and is used as a logistics centre for the circular economy.

Name:CIAM XXI – City of the Future
Location:Rotterdam Alexander
Program:Vision on the city of the future – Rotterdam in 2040
Surface area:
Assignment:Research by design
Client:BNA Research, TU Delft, Deltametropolis Association, municipalities Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht and Eindhoven, Directorate-General for Mobility, Spatial Planning and Water and Rijkswaterstaat of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management and the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
Team:Ton Venhoeven, Hermen Jansen, Jard van der Lugt, Lucas Schram, Nicolas Handtschoewercker, Haluk Mertkan.

BVR, Sweco, WYNE, Tijs van den Boomen


Background Information